Essential Maintenance Techniques

Maintaining the beauty of a rug requires a thorough and proper cleaning regularly as well as techniques that will prevent damage from occurring. It is possible to repair damage to a carpet, but is often much simpler to take the necessary precautions so that the rug is protected from damage.


A rug should be vacuumed regularly, as frequently as any other carpet in the home is cleaned. Also, once a month, it is recommended that you flip your rug over and vacuum the reverse side. This ensures that your rug is getting a deep cleaning. It is acceptable to use a rotating brush on the underside of the rug, but it is better to use the suction apparatus to clean the front of the rug. If your rug has tassels or a fringe, it is advisable to avoid vacuuming them, as they can be easily damaged.

Many of the traditional carpet shampoos are not intended for wool-based rugs. It is important to look at the label before using any type of shampoo on a rug to determine whether the solution will affect the rug’s colour. If it becomes necessary for you to use a cleaning solution on your rug, it is best to test the solution in a small area to see how the material reacts.

For a more thorough cleaning, a professional carpet or rug cleaner can assist you. Before hiring a cleaning company, ensure that they are approved to clean the fabric used in the rug – wool, silk, linen, cotton or any other material.


A rug may also experience damage that is due to prolonged exposure to water, sun, or other natural elements. Also, pets that chew or scratch may also damage a rug. It is possible to restore your rug, depending on the extent of damage that has occurred. In some cases, it may be best to seek the help of a trained professional, particularly in cases where there are holes in the rug or frayed edges. However, there are some techniques that can be used to restore rugs without the assistance of a rug repair specialist. If there are holes or tears in the rug, then it is possible to embroider the area with the wool or fabric used in the rest of the rug. Self-restoration may require a skilled hand, a creative eye, and attention to detail; so, many people opt to allow a trained professional to handle the restoration process.

Stain Removal

The first step to removing a stain on a rug is to blot away as much of the spillage as possible. A clean cotton towel is the best way to remove the stain without harming the carpet or rug. Begin absorbing the spill on the outside and move to the inside. After using this technique, it is important to create a stain solution that is safe to be used on rugs.

Vinegar is a powerful stain removal agent, and it works wonderfully on most types of rugs and carpets. Dilute the vinegar with three to four parts water so that the solution is not too potent. It is best to shampoo the carpets with the solution and ensure that the mixture is evenly spread throughout the whole carpet or rug. Spot treatment is often not the best way to remove stains from a rug, since one area of the rug may be lighter after the treatment. It is also possible to manually remove stains with vinegar; however, it is important to not use circular motions when rubbing the solution into the rug. Instead, move your hands in straight lines so that the materials are not damaged.

Damage Prevention Techniques

A rug should be rotated at least 180 degrees twice a year. This allows the wear to distribute more evenly on both sides of the rug. It is also important to take steps to avoid damage that can occur to your rugs. A rug should remain dry at all times on a stable, flat surface. The essential element to a beautifully maintained rug is a thorough vacuuming every week, preferably twice a week.